Gorean Measurements
Here you will find various measurements as defined in the world of Gor and their Earth equivalents.  From the Gorean year to currency and the Gorean words used to describe them, all terms and units of measurement as described as well as possible.  Understand that these definitions are based on quotes from the books of Gor so the definitive determination on a specific measurement is defined by John Norman.
 
           The Gorean Year
 

Month of EníKara (The First Turning)
First Hand: March 21-March 25
Second Hand: March 26-March 30
Third Hand: March 31-April 4
Fourth Hand: April 5-April 9
Fifth Hand: April 10-April 14
First Passage Hand: April 15-April 19

Month of Hesius (Ar)
First Hand: April 20-April 24
Second Hand: April 25-April 29
Third Hand: April 30-May 4
Fourth Hand: May 5-May 9
Fifth Hand: May 10-May 14
Second Passage Hand: May 15-May 19

Month of Camerius (Ar) or Selnar (Ko-Ro-Ba)
First Hand: May 20-May 24
Second Hand: May 25-May 29
Third Hand: May 30-June 3
Fourth Hand: June 4-June 8
Fifth Hand: June 9-June 13
Third Passage Hand: June 14-June 18

Month of En`Var (First Resting)
First Hand: June 19-June 23
Second Hand: June 24-June 28
Third Hand: June 29-July 3
Fourth Hand: July 4-July 8
Fifth Hand: July 9-July13
Fourth Passage Hand: July 14-July 18

Fifth Month
First Hand: July 19-July 23
Second Hand: July 24-July 28
Third Hand: July 29-August 2
Fourth Hand: August 3-August 7
Fifth Hand: August 8-August 12
Fifth Passage Hand: August 13-August 17

Sixth Month
First Hand: August 18-August 22
Second Hand: August 23-August 27
Third Hand: August 28-September 1
Fourth Hand: September 2-September 6
Fifth Hand: September 7-September 11
Sixth Passage Hand: September 12-September 16

Month of Se`Kara (Second Turning)
First Hand: September 17-September 21
Second Hand: September 22-September 26
Third Hand: September 27-October 1
Fourth Hand: October 2-October 6
Fifth Hand: October 7-October 11
Seventh Passage Hand: October 12-October 16

Eighth Month
First Hand: October 17-October 21
Second Hand: October 22-October 26
Third Hand: October 27-October 31
Fourth Hand: November 1-November 5
Fifth Hand: November 6-November 10
Eighth Passage Hand: November 11-November 15

Ninth Month
First Hand: November 16-November 20
Second Hand: November 21-November 25
Third Hand: November 26- November 30
Fourth Hand: December 1-December 5
Fifth Hand: December 6-December 10
Ninth Passage Hand: December 11-December 15

Month of Se`Var (Second Resting)
First Hand: December 16-December 20
Second Hand: December 21-December 25
Third Hand: December 26-December 30
Fourth Hand: December 31-January 4
Fifth Hand: January 5-Jaunuary 9
Tenth Passage Hand: January 10-January 14

Eleventh Month
First Hand: January 15-January 19
Second Hand: January 20-January 24
Third Hand: January 25-January 29
Fourth Hand: January 30-February 3
Fifth Hand: February 4-February 8
Eleventh Passage Hand: February 9-February 13

Twelfth Month
First Hand: February 14-February 18
Second Hand: February 19-February 23
Third Hand: February 24-February 28
Fourth Hand: March 1-March 5
Fifth Hand: March 6-March 10
Twelfth Passage Hand: March 11-March 15
Waiting Hand: March 16-March 20

It should be noted that the Wagon People of the Plains of Turia also name their years according to events which mark their passage, example; " The Year Tarl of Bristol Came to the Wagon People".
 

 
 
 

"...There are twelve twenty-five day Gorean months, incidentally, in most of the calendars of the various cities. Each month, containing five five-day weeks, i separated by a five-day period, called the Passage Hand, from every other month, there being one exception to this, which is that the last month of the year is separated from the first month of the year, which begins with the Vernal Equinox, not only by a Passage Hand, but by another five-day period called the Waiting Hand, during which doorways are painted white, little food is eaten, little is drunk and there is to be no singing or public rejoicing in the city; during this time Goreans go out as little as possible; The Initiates, interestingly enough, do not make much out of the Waiting Hand in their ceremonies and preachments, which leads one to believe it is not intended to be of any sort of religious significance; it is perhaps, in its way, a period of mourning for the old year; Goreans, living much of their lives in the open, on the bridges and in the streets, are much closer to nature's year than most humans of Earth; but on the Vernal Equinox, which marks the first day of the New Year in most Gorean cities, there is great rejoicing; the doorways are painted green, and there is singing on the bridges, games, contests, visiting of friends and much feasting, which lasts for the first ten days of the first month, thereby doubling the period taken in the Waiting Hand. Month names differ, unfortunately, from city to city, but, among the civilized cities, there are four months, associated with the equinoxes and solstices, and the great fairs at the Sardar, which do have common names, the months of En-'Kara, or En-'Kara-Lar-Torvis; En-'Var, or En-'Var-Lar-Torvis; Se'Kara, or Se'Kara-Lar-Torvis, and Se'Var, or Se'Var-Lar-Torvis." - Assassin of Gor: page 78-9

In Captive, published in 1983, appears this:it was said to be the year 10,1217:206  . However, since the action described inCaptives is all flashback, no accurate dating can be gleaned from there.

There are 12 twenty-five day Gorean months in most of the calendars of the various cities. Each month, containing five five-day weeks, is separated by a five-day period called the Passage Hand. The Passage hand separates between every month, there being one exception which is the last month of the year. This month is separated from the first month of the next year, which begins with the Vernal Equinox, not only by a Passage Hand but by another five-day period called the Waiting Hand. During the Waiting Hand is the time doorways are painted white, little food is eaten or drunk, no singing or public rejoicing is done. In its way it is akin to a period of mourning for the old year gone. Goreans spend much of their time outdoors, on the bridges between the cylinders and in the streets. They have a reverence for nature that is not always as appreciated on earth as it is on Gor.

2:178-179   "Chronology, incidentally, is the despair of scholars on Gor, for each city keeps track of time by virtue of its own Administrator Lists; for example, a year is referred to as the Second Year when so-and-so was Administrator of the City. One might think that some stability would be provided by the Initiates who must keep a caldendar of their feasts and observances, but the Initiates of one city do not always celebrate the same feast on the same day as do those of another city. If the High Initiate of Ar should ever succeed in extending his hegemony over the High Initiates of rival cities, a hegemony which he claims he possesses already incidentally, a unified calendar might be introduced. But so far there has been no military victory of Ar over other cities and, accordingly, free of the sword, the Initiates of each city regard themselves as supreme within their own walls."

On the Vernal Equinox, which marks the first day of the New Year there is great rejoicing; the doors are painted green there is song, games, contests, visiting of friends and feasting which lasts for the first ten days of the month, thereby doubling the period taken by the Waiting Hand. Month names differ from city to city, but among the civilized cities there are four months, associated with the equinoxes and solstices and the great fairs of the Sardar.

            Time
 
IHN: the Gorean second (1.35 earth seconds)
 
EHN: the Gorean minute, it consists of 80 ihn (1.8 earth minutes or 1 minute, 48 seconds)
 
AHN: the Gorean hour, it consists of 40 ehn (1.2 earth hours or 1 hour, 12 minutes) the Gorean day consists of 20 ahn
 

"It was past the 14th Gorean Ahn, or hour, the Gorean Day is divided into 20 Ahn, which are numbered consecutively, the tenth Ahn is noon, the twentieth, midnight. Each Ahn consists of 40 Ehn, or minutes, and each Ehn of eighty Ihn, or seconds" ~ Outlaw of Gor, page 26


"Chronometers exist on Gor, but they are rare and valuable. Marcus and I did not have any, of intent, at the time, among our belongings. They would not have seemed to fit in well with our guise as auxiliary guardsmen. In many cities, of course, including Ar, time tends to be kept publicly. Official clocks are adjusted, of course, according to the announcements of scribes, in virtue of various astronomical measurements, having to do with the movements of the sun and stars. The calendar, and adjustments in it, are also the results of their researches, promulgated by civil authorities. The average Gorean has a variety of simple devices at his disposal for marking the passage of time. Typical among them are marked, or calibrated, candles, sun dials, sand glasses, clepsydras and oil clocks"  Magicians of Gor  Page 358
 

EARTH HOUR  x  GOREAN AHN

12:01 AM-1:12 AM 1st Ahn 12:01 PM-1:12 PM 11th Ahn
1:13 AM-2:24 AM 2nd Ahn 1:13 PM-2:24 PM 12th Ahn
2:25 AM-3:36 AM 3rd Ahn 2:25 PM-3:36 PM 13th Ahn
3:37 AM-4:48 AM 4th Ahn 3:37 PM-4:48 PM 14th Ahn
4:49 AM-6:00 AM 5th Ahn 4:49 PM-6:00 PM 15th Ahn
6:01 AM-7:12 AM 6th Ahn 6:01 PM-7:12 PM 16th Ahn
7:13 AM-8:24 AM 7th Ahn 7:13 PM-8:24 PM 17th Ahn
8:25 AM-9:36 AM 8th Ahn 8:25 PM-9:36 PM 18th Ahn
9:37 AM-10:48 AM 9th Ahn 9:37 PM-10:48 PM 19th Ahn
10:49 AM-12:00 PM 10th Ahn (noon) 10:49 PM-12:00 AM 20th Ahn (midnight)
 
 
 
Gorean Day (20 Ahn) = 24 Earth hours
Gorean Week, also called hand = 5 Earth days
Gorean Month = five hands + one Passage Hand = 30 Earth days
Gorean Year  = 12 Earth months
Passage Hand  =  Five days period that separates each month
Waiting Hand = Five days period after the last Passage Hand of the year

The Gorean week consists of five days. Each month consists of five such weeks. Following each month, of which there are twelve, separating them, is a five-day Passage Hand. The twelfth Passage Hand is followed by the Waiting Hand, a five-day period prior to the vernal equinox, which marks the Gorean New Year." - Tribesman of Gor; page 26
 
          Distance
     
 
GOREAN EARTH (U.S.) EARTH (METRIC)
1 HORT 1 and 1/4 inches 3.2 centimeters (approx)
1 GOREAN FOOT 12 and 1/2 inches 32 centimeters (approx 10 horts)
1 AH-IL 18 inches (approx*) 46.15 centimeters (approx)
1 AH-RAL 180 inches 461.5 centimeters
(10 ah-il) (approx. 15 U.S feet) (approx. 5 meters)
1 PASANG 7/10ths (.7) of a mile 1.2 kilometers
  (3,696 U.S feet) (approx. 1232 meters)
 
 
The Gorean week consists of five days. Each month consists of five such weeks. Following each month, of which there are twelve, separating them, is a five-day Passage Hand. The twelfth Passage Hand is followed by the Waiting Hand, a five-day period prior to the vernal equinox, which marks the Gorean New Year." - Tribesman of Gor; page 26
 
 
 
             Currency
     
 
GOREAN EARTH (U.S.) EARTH (METRIC)
1 GOREAN STONE 4 US pounds 1.8 kilograms (approx)
1 GOREAN WEIGHT 40 US pounds 18.14 kilograms (approx 10 stone)
 
     
          Liquid Volume
     
 
GOREAN EARTH (U.S.) EARTH (METRIC)
1 TALU 2 US gallons 7.5 liters (approx)
 
 
             Solid Volume
     
 

The following measurements are "trade weights," meaning that they are, like the ah-il, variable according to the hand size of the measurer. Nevertheless, due to their ease of use, they are retained by the Goreans as practical ways to measure solid volume in a distributory environment, particularly in trade-based Gorean settings where standardized measurements are not available for handy measurement :

  • 1 TEF= a closed handful of whatever produce (such as dates) is being weighed. 6 tefs equals one "tefa."
  • 1 TEFA= 6 tefs (or closed handfuls), or roughly the amount of merchandise it would take to fill a small basket.
  • 1 HUDA= 5 tefa, or small baskets full.
In addition, it only stands to reason that Goreans would also rely upon the "squared measure" of their distance units in measuring solid mass as well as space. The use of the Gorean "square foot" is highly likely, as is the "square hort," the "square ah-il" and "square ah-ral," and the "square pasang."
 
 
 
 

En`Kara - Lar-Torvis [first turning] - the first month of the Gorean calendar, that of the vernal equinox, which is the Gorean new year; roughly equivalent to the Earth calendar month of March

Dates are referred to as the nth day of the mth month, like the following from Assassins:

5:234-235   "He did so late in the spring, on the sixteenth day of the third month, that month which in Ar is called Camerius, in Ko-ro-ba Selnar."

Ko-ro-bans and Larans, however, refer to dates by the hand they're in. Thus, the 16th day of the 3rd month in the example above is the 1st of the 3rd hand of Selnar. Their reasoning is that it doesn't make sense to refer to some days as relative to the start of a month, and some days (in the Passage Hands in general and the Waiting Hand in specific) as part of a hand.

6:1   "It was the fourth day of the sixth passage hand, shortly before the Autumnal Equinox, which in the common Gorean calendar begins the month of Se'Kara.

En`-Var - Lar-Torvis [first resting] - the fourth month of the Gorean calendar, that of the summer solstice, roughly equivalent with the Earth calendar month of June.

Fifth Passage Hand - Love Feast [occurs in late summer-best time to sell slavegirls]

Se`Kara - Lar-Torvis [second turning] - the seventh month of the Gorean calendar, that of the autumnal equinox, roughly equivalent to the Earth calendar month of September

Se`Var - Lar-Torvis [second resting] - the tenth month of the Gorean calendar, that of the winter solstice, roughly equivalent with the Earth calendar month of December